Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)

Good Manufacturing PracticeIt’s important to adhere to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) during the manufacture of products. This ensures that your products are manufactured in a clean, hygienic environment and no contamination of your products occurs.

The Cosmetics Regulation (EC) 1223/2009 requires that all cosmetic products placed on the European market comply with Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) set by the ISO 22716 standard.

What is GMP?

A written statement of Good Manufacturing Practices is a set of guidelines you follow that ensures the reproducibility and the quality of the manufacturing process of your products. It demonstrates you have considered the potential health and safety issues in every stage of the manufacturing of your products. It also outlines in detail all the steps you take to ensure your products are safe and manufactured in a hygienic and professional manner.

There are several sets of guidelines available to help you write your own statement of GMP.

Council of Europe ‘Guidelines on Good Manufacturing Practice of Cosmetic Products (GMPC) can be obtained from The Stationery Office ISBN 92-871-2849-9

GMP Guidelines are available from the Cosmetic Toiletry and Perfumery Association. For more information here is a link to their main website: or to be taken directly to the guide on CTPA ‘Supplying Cosmetic Products on the UK Market? A CTPA Guide to What You Need to Know’. 

You may also be able to discuss your GMP with your Safety Assessor as part of the Cosmetic Product Safety Report.

You GMP will need to include detailed information about:

  • Personnel – everyone should have the appropriate training, documentation and skills to produce, control and store products with a defined quality.
  • Premises – should be of a standard to minimise the risk of product contamination.
  • Equipment – should be suitable for its intended use with regular calibration and maintenance.
  • Raw materials and packaging materials – should meet the accepted criteria relevant to the finished product.
  • Production – each stage of the manufacturing process follows the procedure in place to ensure the product meets the required standards.
  • Finished products – should meet the required standards, stored and shipped correctly to maintain the quality of the finished product.
  • Quality control – defined to ensure the finished product meets the required standards.
  • Waste – should be disposed of correctly.
  • Subcontracting – a written contract should be established between the parties to ensure the quality of the finished product.
  • Complaints and recalls – all complaints related to the products should be reviewed and dealt with appropriately. Steps should be taken if a recall is required and the correct procedure followed.
  • Change control – any changes need to be approved to ensure the quality of the product.
  • Internal audit – this ensures the guidelines are being followed.
  • Documentation – each company should have its own system of documentation to define and prove the GMP in place.

Please note: This a non-exhaustive list, to get all the necessary information, please refer to the official publication of ISO 22716 standard.

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