Making Soap by Kathrin Landmann.

This book is a beginner-friendly guide to making 18 lovely soaps.  The book uses natural ingredients that are kind to the environment.  Kathrin focuses on the principles of cold process soap.  There are clear breakdowns of tools needed for making soap.

In this book soap making language is broken down into simple terms &  Kathrin shows you exactly what you need to know for your first attempts at soap.

I took a look through and tried out one of the recipes and I used one of the recipes to create a loaf mould soap.

Somehow when I made the cut i realised that i had managed to create…..

Glycerine Rivers!

The exact cause is not known, but it seems to be tied to a few things such as: water, titanium dioxide, and the gel phase.

It seems that if a higher amount of water is used, the rivers happen more frequently.

Titanium Dioxide is a white powder, often used in soap making to produce a white bar of soap.  The theory is, when soap containing titanium dioxide gets warm, it heats up so much that it alters the soap around it.

The rivers are more common when the gel phase is allowed to happen or is forced to happen.

I used titanium dioxide with water to lighten the colour of the soap, I also wrapped this soap to encourage a gel phase.  So it is quite likely that these factors helped to create the patterned effect of glycerine rivers.

I used a hanger swirl using some electrical wire that i had bent into shape and moved in circular motions in the soap.

I hope you like the effect of the glycerine rivers.  If you are a beginner soap maker i recommend this book for some lovely natural make recipes.

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